Finnish Youth for Nuclear Energy also supports building the sixth
nuclear power plant. Many have said that Loviisa must get its own
piece of the cake as well. The sixth power plant has not even been
designed yet, but we are following the situation.
Electricity consumption has increased steadily in Finland, although
gross national product and industrial production have not grown
as expected. A new nuclear power plant is needed quite shortly,
as the economy revives properly and export industry starts to increase.
In other countries, where constructing further nuclear power has
been hindered because of stupidity, electricity insufficiency might
cause problems as the boom begins.
Finlands position in global economy indicates no big differences
in Finnish electric consumption per capita. Compared to Germany
or Denmark, each Finn or Swede consume 2,5 times more electricity
due to heavy process industry, geographic location and relatively
high percentage of direct electric heating in private households.
1,6 milloin Finns live in houses with direct or indirect electric
heating system. Also other busineses in services, retail and transport
have increased their shrare in total consumption.
It is known that the industry is planning an application to construct
a sixth nuclear power plant. According to Pohjolan Voima a decision
in principle of the power plant will be needed in three years
time. The power plant should produce electricity to the national
distribution network in 2017. Its capacity would be approximately
the same as of the fifth power plant constructed in Olkiluoto. Electricity
demand has constantly increased in Finland. In order to fulfil the
obligations of Kyoto Protocol, nuclear power is the only way to
produce a sufficient amount of basic power for example for industrial
The application for a sixth nuclear power plant has not been made
yet. As the application for the fifth reactor is still fresh, the
promoters of the project hope that the new attempt would be treated
quickly. In case the hoped sixth power plant would be constructed
according to same plans as the fifth, the various assessments need
not be done again.
Skinnari: Necessity of power plant must be examined
According to the Finnish Broadcasting Network, the Minister of
Trade and Industry Mauri Pekkarinen (Centre Party) considers the
industrys claim for sixth nuclear power plant primarily as
an opening for discussion. The Parliament was rather cautious towards
the industrys hopes. The National Coalition Party supports
nuclear power. There has not been discussion about nuclear power
lately in the Centre Party and the Social Democratic Party. However,
opinions are estimated to divide similarly as three years ago, when
there was a ballot for the fifth nuclear power plant now under construction.
In case the nuclear power plant project proceeds now, it will be
under consideration in the Economy Committee. The chairperson of
the Committee, Jouko Skinnari (Social Democrat), considers that
the necessity of power plant must be examined.
Positive attitudes towards nuclear power increasing
Almost every other (46%) have positive attitudes towards nuclear
power in Finland and only 25% reject it. The difference of negative
and positive attitudes has never been this huge during a 22-year
long survey period. The results are found in an opinion poll conducted
by TNS Gallup Oy, which was ordered by Energiateollisuus ry (The
Association of Finnish Energy Industries). Over a thousand Finnish
people 15 years and older were interviewed in in September-October
In ten years the number of people in favour of nuclear power has
increased twelve percentage units and number of people rejecting
it has decreased ten percentage units. In 1994, 34% of the Finnish
people were in favour of nuclear power and 35% rejected it. Number
of people with neutral attitudes has remained less than a third
of the population.
Over the past few years people with positive attitudes have outnumbered
people with negative attitudes towards nuclear power. Nuclear power
is accepted as prevention for climate change completely or generally
by 43% of the respondents, whereas 28% does not accept nuclear power
as a way to prevent climate change at all or generally.
The Finnish energy policy has been praised by the International
Energy Agency (IEA). According to a recent country review, Finland
has been able to combine energy safety, economic development and
a sustainable environmental policy. IEA is still worried about fulfilling
the emission goals required in the Kyoto protocol. According to
the review emissions will go 15% over the goal if the current development