The Fin 5 -project
In October 2000, Teollisuuden Voima (TVO) left an application in
order for the Finnish Government to make a decision in principle
about building a new nuclear power plant unit either to Loviisa
or Olkiluoto power plant. The environmental impacts of planned units
were reported before the application, according to the law of environmental
impacts assessment (EIA). The assessment was made regarding both
the alternative locations.
The Finnish Government made its affirmative decision in principle
concerning TVO:s application, considering that building a new unit
is in line with the overall good of society. The Finnish Parliament
confirmed the decision on Friday May 24th 2002 with clear figures
107-92. There are 200 members in Finnish Parliament, but the Chairman
There will be 400,000 tons of soil excavated on the construction
site of the new power plant. When building the presently operating
plants, 70,000 tons of soil was transferred to a few hectares
area near the power plant area in Olkiluoto. The new power plant
is larger in outer measurements and it must be terrorism-proof.
Probably for these reasons the hole excavated must also be deeper.
To preserve the beautiful seashore view, constructing underground
as much as possible is preferred.
The Council of State granted construction licence to TVO:s nuclear
power plant project February 17th 2005. It became valid at once.
In granting the licence the Council of State relied especially on
statement given by Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority of Finland
(STUK) and a comprehensive safety assessment related to it. According
to STUK, there were no safety-related obstacles for granting a construction
licence for the power plant project. Before the plant unit may operate,
an operation licence must be applied from the Council of State.
According to the decision in principle made by the Council of State
and confirmed by the Parliament, the new plant will be a Light Water
Reactor plant, with 1000-1600 MW net electric power output. The
project does not require state subsidies, loans or tax breaks. Aptitude
tests were made to three Pressure Water Reactors (PWR) and three
Boiling Water Reactors (BWR)
chose a 1600 MW Pressure Water Reactor plant unit as Finlands
fifth nuclear power plant. It will be built by the consortium of
French Framatome ANP and German Siemens. Altogether 61 Finnish companies
will be involved in the construction project. This is the biggest
separate investment ever in Finland. Cost for the power plant in
Olkiluoto, Eurajoki, is over three billion euros.
The project employs approximately for 30,000 man-years work in
about five years. The maximum amount of employees on the Olkiluoto
construction site will be over 2,000.
Consortium of Framatome and Siemens builds the unit by turnkey
construction. Framatome is responsible for the nuclear power plant
delivery and Siemens for turbine delivery. A European Pressurised
water Reactor (EPR) -unit is based on French N4-plants and German
Konvoi-plants. Reactor in the plant will be a Pressure Water Reactor
4,300 MW at thermal power, whose total efficiency factor will be
approximately 38%. The new power plant unit is due to start energy
production for the national network in early 2009.
-The contract is fixed-price. In practise, except quarrying work,
the consortium is responsible for constructing the whole power plant
unit with installation, testing and implementation, says TVO:s Managing
Director Mauno Paavola in companys announcement.
TVO chose to locate the fifth nuclear power plant in Olkiluoto
in Eurajoki. According to TVO:s Managing Director Mauno Paavola,
Olkiluoto was chosen, as it turned out to be more economical in
overall comparison with Loviisa.