12 theses of energy politics
1. Electricity consumption will increase steadily. It is
not sure yet that the sixth unit completed in 2012-2015 would have
over 6,000 hours usage per annum. This amount must be exceeded
quite clearly so that the investment would be worth advancing. Electricity
can be easily sold abroad, in case the distribution network is strengthened
and further constructed. In the Nordic markets nuclear electricity
is highly profitable.
2. While standard of living rises, electricity consumption
increases particularly in summer, as more and more electric air
conditioners are put to use. The wattage demand of them is bigger
than heating same level of degrees. A cooler suitable for a small
two-room flat costs only approximately one thousand euros.
3. Electricity is a highly pure fuel when produced by hydro-
or nuclear power. Considering environment, replacing electricity
with other forms of energy can be a much worse alternative than
replacing a greater amount of fossil producing capacity with nuclear
power. Constructing Vuotos pool would have been the greatest individual
investment in producing renewable electricity.
Minister of the Environment, Jan-Erik Enestam, is trying to get
the so-called Kemihaara swamps located in that area incorporated
in Natura. This way the pool project could be buried for good, which
would be disadvantageous to tax payers in several ways.
4. In 1970s, there were plans to locate four units in Hästholmen
in Loviisa. Those units were smaller than the ones now in markets.
Predictions for electricity consumption were so overestimated at
that time that it was planned to locate 24 nuclear power units along
the west coast of Finland.
5. Fortum has made thorough environmental impacts assessments
for locating a third unit in Loviisa. The reports are quite easily
updated but some additions must be made at least to the safety assessments.
According to the new requirements of STUK, new nuclear power plants
must be terror-proof.
6. The present two plants will at some point become to the
end of their economic operating time. Possible decommissioning of
them is a long-standing project. Total costs would be remarkably
lower, if there was an operating power plant close to the old one.
That way people working in the decommissioning project could also
work at the operating plant, while waiting for the next phase of
decommissioning. As the plant has some parts that are radiant and
require final disposal, it requires controlling and guarding for
a long time after closing down and the fuel has been transported.
7. The present plants in Loviisa are fast connected to the
national network. Therefore it is justified that the sixth plant
would use the same cables. The present poles even have empty branches
waiting for more cables.
8. Constructing the fifth plant is financially such a great
effort for TVO, which produces electricity at cost that the sixth
plant should be constructed by Fortum. As oil business has been
separated, it should improve focusing Fortums electricity
business to more competitive and commercial ways of electricity
production, of which nuclear power is the best according to modern
9. Future prospects of Finnish nuclear power are improved
by the fact that other countries do not want to increase nuclear
power because of the Greens silliness. However, nature religion
is collapsing elsewhere as well because of vast credibility gap
and the facts of natural sciences. Thus it may be possible that
new investment decisions are to be made in other Western countries
besides Finland, France and the United States, where two new projects
have been started this autumn.
10. Emissions trading will weaken burning plants competitiveness
remarkably and improve profitability of nuclear power and hydro
power. If the sixth nuclear power plant is build merely for electricity
production, replacing coal in CHP-production (Combined Heat and
Power) would probably have to be considered. The emissions trading
directive promoted by the Green may force Finland (and many others)
to further increase nuclear power, which all the green movements
in the world (excluding the JärkiVihreät, Wise-Use Movement)
have dogmatically opposed since the begin of their history.
The emissions trading began in the EU January 1st 2005. Decision
of the preliminary distribution is going to be made by the Council
of State. As Russia, United States and Australia did not ratify
the Kyoto Protocol, competitiveness of heavy industry in the EU
weakens because of increase in energy price among other things.
Finnish industry has felt the emissions trading mechanism unfair,
as we have already carried out several actions, which the other
countries are just planning to do.
11. Finlands position in competing for new nuclear
power plants is improved also because there is no political realism
to start increasing nuclear power in the West. In East and South
there are not enough economical resources for large new investments.
In Russia environmental issues or climate change are not going to
become politically significant themes for a long time, which guarantees
a long overtime for using natural gas, coal and oil. Possibilities
of increasing hydro power are almost used in the Nordic countries.
Price changes of hydro power have also turned out to be rather troublesome
in the shortage faced recently. Nordpool has already calculated
next winters electricity capacities and noted that electricity
service in the Nordic countries must be supported by import. Limitations
of import capacity become a problem in a situation, in which a major
domestic unit is defected during consuming peak and it must be removed
from the network. Next winter we will probably see a situation,
in which consumption in some industrial plants must be limited because
of rapid malfunction and lack of electricity. Preparedness for this
must be primarily in Norways aluminium foundries, whose profitability
weakens while electricity price rises.
12. The negative nuclear power decision organized by the
Green and the present Prime Minister, Matti Vanhanen in 1993, causes
nowadays growing pressure to decrease carbon dioxide emissions.
According to latest information, traffic in Pori harbour has been
over five million tons for the first time, as coal has been transported
continually to Poris coal power plants, which have been in
use all year. Whole fuel maintenance of a nuclear power plant requires
no more than a couple of shiploads of new rods per annum. Even those
shippings are not necessary, if nearly non-radiant new fuel is stored
more beforehand for example in the plant area. This way it is possible
to reduce dependency on raw material price changes and transportations
during possible restless times. By using nuclear power we reduce
dependency on weather and indirect emissions, because need for transportation
is reduced among other things.